Barley Field Test, Buckeye, Ariz.
L.D. Hardesty, a retired Buckeye farmer had some acreage adjacent to his home that had
not been farmed in more 30 years.
It had been used as a machinery parking yard and he offered it as a test site.
This acreage had lost its ability to grow crops, but it had both electricity and an abandoned low saline ground water
well on site.
Analysis of Soil Samples:
Soil pH from 7.7 to 8.5
Ca: 7,000 – 8,700 ppm (VH)
Na: 220 (H) – 2100 ppm (VH)
K: 230 (H) to 490 ppm (VH)
Salinity (EC x K) dS/m 1.0 (L) to 20.0 (VH)
N03-N (9.0 (L) to 270.0 ppm (VH)
Bicarb – Soluble Phos 5.6 (L) to 16.0 ppm (M)
Computed Sodium (ESP) 2.1 to 20.4
Free Lime level – High (All samples)
Soil Chemistry: (Analyzed by IAS Laboratories, Phoenix, AZ, February 2012, Standard Soil Test, Methods – American Society of Agronomy)
Design of Seed Germination & Plant Growth Trials
A series of field trial studies to determine barley seed germination rates/times and plant growth rates was initiated Jan. 9, 2012.
An 8 by one-inch diameter soil core sample was taken in every row at the center from two depths (Depths 0-4 inch, and 4-8 inch). Soil Chemistry samples were taken at the start then at 8 and 16 weeks (harvesting) to measure key salt concentrations in the soil from the treated and untreated locations.
Results from Feb. 2, 2012 through March 9, 2012
• In the treated test plots, all seed germination, plant growth, and seed head samples collected and photographed in this study were carefully selected to represent the average number, size, color, and height in the treated test plots.
• In the untreated test plots, the sample selection was the same,except for the bare spots (areas of no seed germination or plant growth), therefore for comparison data, we only selected areas that were representative of the untreated test plots where seed germination and plant growth occurred, deliberately omitting the bare spots. This is a study bias and suggests that perhaps the treated plants outperformed the untreated plants 2:1, whereas in reality, seed production may be more than 70% higher per unit area.
|Seed Germination Rate Differences: Day 7 after planting|
|Day 23 after planting|
View March 3, 2012: Looking north down the middle of study site with negative ion-treated water rows on the right and untreated watered rows (control group) on the left.
Note: The rows on the right that were given treated water remained wetter 26 hours after being watered, with the soil containing more moisture at the surface, due to increased adhesion and surface tension of the negatively charged water molecules, providing moisture longer to the plants, where as the control rows are drier and the water has been absorbed by the soil or evaporated to the atmosphere, with far less plant growth.
|Summary conclusion: 29 days after planting|
Illustration of seed-germination density (success) and plant growth as of March 9, 2012 (planted Feb. 9, 2012) in Buckeye, Ariz. at L.D. Hardesty Farms.
|Summary conclusion: After 30 days
|• The treated seeds - watered with negative-ion water - had greater seed germination success (density and abundance per row), faster root hair growth (length and width) and greater plant growth.
• The growth of treated-water seeds/plants planted 3 weeks later (with only 29 days of growth ), watered with negative ion irrigation water, caught up and passed the growth of seeds/plants that were planted 50 days earlier and watered with untreated ground water.
• The treated-water seeds/plants achieved more than the same growth in only 58% percent of the time as the untreated- water plants.
Results: End of Phase II of Study, March 9 to April 12
Day 62 after Planting
|Comparison of Plant Density and Plant Growth: April 12, 2012|
Treated-water plants are on the left, untreated water plants are on the right.
|Comparison of Developed Tassels per Stalk,|
LD Hardesty pointed out fully developed tassels in the treated-water barley (left), with an attachment to a single seed pod, some plants have 3 to 5 tassels per plant, and 8 to 10 seeds per tassel.